4C, also called 4C-seq, is a method similar to 3C and is sometimes called circular 3C. It allows the unbiased detection of all genomic regions that interact with a particular region of interest. In this method, DNA-protein complexes are crosslinked using formaldehyde. The sample is fragmented, and the DNA is ligated and digested. The resulting DNA fragments self-circularize, followed by reverse PCR and sequencing. Deep sequencing provides base-pair resolution of the ligated fragments.