16S and Internal Transcribed Spacer (ITS) ribosomal RNA (rRNA) sequencing are common amplicon sequencing methods used to identify and compare bacteria or fungi present within a given sample. Both ITS and 16S rRNA gene sequencing are well-established methods for comparing sample phylogeny and taxonomy from complex microbiomes or environments that are difficult or impossible to study.
Unlike capillary sequencing or PCR-based approaches, next-generation sequencing (NGS) is a culture-free method that enables analysis of the entire microbial community within a sample. With the ability to combine many samples in a sequencing run, microbiology researchers can use NGS-based 16S and ITS rRNA sequencing as a cost-effective technique to identify strains that may not be found using traditional methods.
Metagenomics is one of the fastest-growing scientific disciplines. This document highlights peer-reviewed publications that apply Illumina sequencing technologies to metagenomics research.Access PDF
The Saca la Lengua project used 16S and 18S rRNA sequencing to identify the bacteria and fungi that live in the human mouth.Read Interview
Michael Bunce, PhD uses next-generation sequencing and metabarcoding methods to study environmental DNA (eDNA).Read Interview
An epic ocean expedition sequenced salt water samples from around the globe to survey plankton diversity in marine ecosystems.Read Interview
Illumina offers products to support ITS and 16S rRNA sequencing, from library preparation to data analysis and interpretation. Our demonstrated workflow can help take the guesswork out of your experiments.
Click on the below to view products for each workflow step.
Speed, accuracy and simplicity for far-reaching applications in microbiology.iSeq 100 System
Affordable, fast, and accessible sequencing power for targeted or small genome sequencing in any lab.
BaseSpace Apps for taxonomic classification16S Metagenomics
Performs taxonomic classification of 16S rRNA targeted amplicon reads using an Illumina-curated version of the GreenGenes taxonomic database.Kraken Metagenomics
Assigns taxonomic labels to short DNA sequences with high sensitivity and speed using exact alignments of k-mers and a novel classification algorithm.ITS Metagenomics
Performs taxonomic classification of fungal rRNA targeted amplicon reads using the UNITE taxonomic database.
The Metagenomic Phylogenetic Analysis (MetaPhlAn) tool profiles microbial community composition from metagenomic shotgun sequencing data.QIIME Preprocessing
Quantitative Insights into Microbial Ecology (QIIME) is designed to take users from raw sequencing data to publication quality graphics and statistics.One Codex
Enables metagenomics analysis by rapidly assessing your samples from BaseSpace Sequence Hub with a fast, comprehensive, accurate data platform.
eDNA sequencing is a rapidly emerging method for studying biodiversity and monitoring ecosystem changes. For some sample types, using a combination of 16S or ITS sequencing with other approaches can help uncover the full breadth of diversity in an ecological sample.Learn More
View a demonstrated protocol and FAQs for 16S rRNA amplicon sequencing, as well as example data sets from libraries generated with the protocol and run on the MiSeq System.View Protocol
View a demonstrated protocol for analyzing fungal or metagenomic samples, primer sequences, and a BaseSpace Sequence Hub analysis workflow.View Protocol